20150709

THC Hydra Password Cracking Tool


THC Hydra is another classic password cracking tool. Strictly speaking Hydra is a network logon password cracking tool, which is actually very fast. A great feature about Hydra is that you can add modules to increase the functinonality of this hacking tool.



Hydra supports various network protocols including, but not limited to AFP, Cisco AAA, Cisco auth, Cisco enable, CVS, Firebird, FTP, HTTP-FORM-GET, HTTP-FORM-POST, HTTP-GET, HTTP-HEAD, HTTP-PROXY, HTTPS-FORM-GET, HTTPS-FORM-POST, HTTPS-GET, HTTPS-HEAD, HTTP-Proxy, ICQ, IMAP, IRC, LDAP, MS-SQL, MYSQL, NCP, NNTP, Oracle Listener, Oracle SID, Oracle, PC-Anywhere, PCNFS, POP3, POSTGRES, RDP, and Rexec.

Check out the feature sets and services coverage page - including a speed comparison against ncrack and medusa (yes, we win :-)) Hydra is born more than 10 years ago, this page is used as a recap of the functionalities it provides, but also the differences in feature sets, services coverage and code between the most popular network authentication cracker tools available. Each feature is compared against Hydra as of the current version. This table is updated as new features are added to the project.



Development just moved to a public github repository: https://github.com/vanhauser-thc/thc-hydra

Cain & Abel


Cain & Abel is a password recovery tool for Microsoft Operating Systems. It allows easy recovery of various kind of passwords by sniffing the network, cracking encrypted passwords using Dictionary, Brute-Force and Cryptanalysis attacks, recording VoIP conversations, decoding scrambled passwords, recovering wireless network keys, revealing password boxes, uncovering cached passwords and analyzing routing protocols. The program does not exploit any software vulnerabilities or bugs that could not be fixed with little effort. It covers some security aspects/weakness present in protocol's standards, authentication methods and caching mechanisms; its main purpose is the simplified recovery of passwords and credentials from various sources, however it also ships some "non standard" utilities for Microsoft Windows users.


Cain & Abel has been developed in the hope that it will be useful for network administrators, teachers, security consultants/professionals, forensic staff, security software vendors, professional penetration tester and everyone else that plans to use it for ethical reasons. The author will not help or support any illegal activity done with this program. Be warned that there is the possibility that you will cause damages and/or loss of data using this software and that in no events shall the author be liable for such damages or loss of data. Please carefully read the License Agreement included in the program before using it.



The latest version is faster and contains a lot of new features like APR (Arp Poison Routing) which enables sniffing on switched LANs and Man-in-the-Middle attacks. The sniffer in this version can also analyze encrypted protocols such as SSH-1 and HTTPS, and contains filters to capture credentials from a wide range of authentication mechanisms. The new version also ships routing protocols authentication monitors and routes extractors, dictionary and brute-force crackers for all common hashing algorithms and for several specific authentications, password/hash calculators, cryptanalysis attacks, password decoders and some not so common utilities related to network and system security.

Cain & Abel v4.9.56 released

http://www.oxid.it/cain.html

Tor Project

Tor

What is Tor ?

Tor is free software and an open network that helps you defend against traffic analysis, a form of network surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy, confidential business activities and relationships, and state security.

Overview

The Tor network is a group of volunteer-operated servers that allows people to improve their privacy and security on the Internet. Tor's users employ this network by connecting through a series of virtual tunnels rather than making a direct connection, thus allowing both organizations and individuals to share information over public networks without compromising their privacy. Along the same line, Tor is an effective censorship circumvention tool, allowing its users to reach otherwise blocked destinations or content. Tor can also be used as a building block for software developers to create new communication tools with built-in privacy features.

Individuals use Tor to keep websites from tracking them and their family members, or to connect to news sites, instant messaging services, or the like when these are blocked by their local Internet providers. Tor's hidden services let users publish web sites and other services without needing to reveal the location of the site. Individuals also use Tor for socially sensitive communication: chat rooms and web forums for rape and abuse survivors, or people with illnesses.

Network

Journalists use Tor to communicate more safely with whistleblowers and dissidents. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) use Tor to allow their workers to connect to their home website while they're in a foreign country, without notifying everybody nearby that they're working with that organization.

Groups such as Indymedia recommend Tor for safeguarding their members' online privacy and security. Activist groups like the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) recommend Tor as a mechanism for maintaining civil liberties online. Corporations use Tor as a safe way to conduct competitive analysis, and to protect sensitive procurement patterns from eavesdroppers. They also use it to replace traditional VPNs, which reveal the exact amount and timing of communication. Which locations have employees working late? Which locations have employees consulting job-hunting websites? Which research divisions are communicating with the company's patent lawyers?

A branch of the U.S. Navy uses Tor for open source intelligence gathering, and one of its teams used Tor while deployed in the Middle East recently. Law enforcement uses Tor for visiting or surveilling web sites without leaving government IP addresses in their web logs, and for security during sting operations.

The variety of people who use Tor is actually part of what makes it so secure. Tor hides you among the other users on the network, so the more populous and diverse the user base for Tor is, the more your anonymity will be protected.

Tor

Why we need Tor

Using Tor protects you against a common form of Internet surveillance known as "traffic analysis." Traffic analysis can be used to infer who is talking to whom over a public network. Knowing the source and destination of your Internet traffic allows others to track your behavior and interests. This can impact your checkbook if, for example, an e-commerce site uses price discrimination based on your country or institution of origin. It can even threaten your job and physical safety by revealing who and where you are. For example, if you're travelling abroad and you connect to your employer's computers to check or send mail, you can inadvertently reveal your national origin and professional affiliation to anyone observing the network, even if the connection is encrypted.

How does traffic analysis work? Internet data packets have two parts: a data payload and a header used for routing. The data payload is whatever is being sent, whether that's an email message, a web page, or an audio file. Even if you encrypt the data payload of your communications, traffic analysis still reveals a great deal about what you're doing and, possibly, what you're saying. That's because it focuses on the header, which discloses source, destination, size, timing, and so on.

A basic problem for the privacy minded is that the recipient of your communications can see that you sent it by looking at headers. So can authorized intermediaries like Internet service providers, and sometimes unauthorized intermediaries as well. A very simple form of traffic analysis might involve sitting somewhere between sender and recipient on the network, looking at headers.

But there are also more powerful kinds of traffic analysis. Some attackers spy on multiple parts of the Internet and use sophisticated statistical techniques to track the communications patterns of many different organizations and individuals. Encryption does not help against these attackers, since it only hides the content of Internet traffic, not the headers.

Network

Why Anonymity Matters

Tor protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, and it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location.

20150708

Cryptocat, Chat with privacy.

Private chat can be easy and accessible.

Cryptocat

Cryptocat is a fun, accessible app for having encrypted chat with your friends, right in your browser and mobile phone. Everything is encrypted before it leaves your computer. Even the Cryptocat network itself can't read your messages. Cryptocat is open source, free software, developed by encryption professionals to make privacy accessible to everyone.

Group chat, file sharing, and more!

- Chat with groups of friends at the same time using Cryptocat's group chat encryption. Cryptocat's fun interface makes it easy!
- Send files and photos to friends quickly and easily, with the assurance that not even the Cryptocat network itself can read your data.
- Connect to Facebook Messenger to see which Facebook friends are also using Cryptocat, and set up encrypted chat with them instantly.

Cryptocat is not a magic bullet. Even though Cryptocat provides useful encryption, you should never trust any piece of software with your life, and Cryptocat is no exception.

Cryptocat does not anonymize you:

While your communications are encrypted, your identity can still be traced since Cryptocat does not mask your IP address. For anonymization, we highly recommend using Tor.

Cryptocat does not protect against key loggers: Your messages are encrypted as they go through the wire, but that doesn't mean that your keyboard is necessarily safe. Cryptocat does not protect against hardware or software key loggers which might be snooping on your keyboard strokes and sending them to an undesired third party.

Cryptocat does not protect against untrustworthy people: Parties you're conversing with may still leak your messages without your knowledge. Cryptocat aims to make sure that only the parties you're talking to get your messages, but that doesn't mean these parties are necessarily trustworthy.

WPScan Wordpress Vulnerability Scanner

WPScan

The WPScan software (henceforth referred to simply as "WPScan") is dual-licensed - Copyright 2011-2015 WPScan Team. Cases that include commercialization of WPScan require a commercial, non-free license. Otherwise, WPScan can be used without charge under the terms set out below.

1. Definitions

1.1 "License" means this document.

1.2 "Contributor" means each individual or legal entity that creates, contributes to the creation of, or owns WPScan.

1.3 "WPScan Team" means WPScan’s core developers, an updated list of whom can be found within the CREDITS file.

2. Commercialization

A commercial use is one intended for commercial advantage or monetary compensation.

Example cases of commercialization are:

Using WPScan to provide commercial managed/Software-as-a-Service services. Distributing WPScan as a commercial product or as part of one.
Using WPScan as a value added service/product. Example cases which do not require a commercial license, and thus fall under the terms set out below, include (but are not limited to): Penetration testers (or penetration testing organizations) using WPScan as part of their assessment toolkit. Penetration Testing Linux Distributions including but not limited to Kali Linux, SamuraiWTF, BackBox Linux. Using WPScan to test your own systems. Any non-commercial use of WPScan. If you need to purchase a commercial license or are unsure whether you need to purchase a commercial license contact us - team@wpscan.org. We may grant commercial licenses at no monetary cost at our own discretion if the commercial usage is deemed by the WPScan Team to significantly benefit WPScan. Free-use Terms and Conditions;

3. Redistribution

Redistribution is permitted under the following conditions: Unmodified License is provided with WPScan. Unmodified Copyright notices are provided with WPScan. Does not conflict with the commercialization clause.

4. Copying

Copying is permitted so long as it does not conflict with the Redistribution clause.

5. Modification

Modification is permitted so long as it does not conflict with the Redistribution clause.

6. Contributions

Any Contributions assume the Contributor grants the WPScan Team the unlimited, non-exclusive right to reuse, modify and relicense the Contributor's content.

7. Support

WPScan is provided under an AS-IS basis and without any support, updates or maintenance. Support, updates and maintenance may be given according to the sole discretion of the WPScan Team.

8. Disclaimer of Warranty

WPScan is provided under this License on an “as is” basis, without warranty of any kind, either expressed, implied, or statutory, including, without limitation, warranties that the WPScan is free of defects, merchantable, fit for a particular purpose or non-infringing.

9. Limitation of Liability

To the extent permitted under Law, WPScan is provided under an AS-IS basis. The WPScan Team shall never, and without any limit, be liable for any damage, cost, expense or any other payment incurred as a result of WPScan's actions, failure, bugs and/or any other interaction between WPScan and end-equipment, computers, other software or any 3rd party, end-equipment, computer or services.

10. Disclaimer

Running WPScan against websites without prior mutual consent may be illegal in your country. The WPScan Team accept no liability and are not responsible for any misuse or damage caused by WPScan.

Install

Ruby >= 1.9.2 - Recommended: 2.2.2
Curl >= 7.21 - Recommended: latest - FYI the 7.29 has a segfault
RubyGems
Git
gem typhoeus
gem nokogiri
git clone https://github.com/wpscanteam/wpscan.git

WPScan

WPSCAN ARGUMENTS

--update Update the databases.
--url | -u The WordPress URL/domain to scan.
--force | -f Forces WPScan to not check if the remote site is running WordPress.
--enumerate | -e [option(s)] Enumeration.
option :
u usernames from id 1 to 10
u[10-20] usernames from id 10 to 20 (you must write [] chars)
p plugins
vp only vulnerable plugins
ap all plugins (can take a long time)
tt timthumbs
t themes
vt only vulnerable themes
at all themes (can take a long time)
Multiple values are allowed : "-e tt,p" will enumerate timthumbs and plugins
If no option is supplied, the default is "vt,tt,u,vp"

--exclude-content-based "" Used with the enumeration option, will exclude all occurrences based on the regexp or string supplied
You do not need to provide the regexp delimiters, but you must write the quotes (simple or double)

--config-file | -c Use the specified config file, see the example.conf.json
--user-agent | -a Use the specified User-Agent
--random-agent | -r Use a random User-Agent
--follow-redirection If the target url has a redirection, it will be followed without asking if you wanted to do so or not
--wp-content-dir WPScan try to find the content directory (ie wp-content) by scanning the index page, however you can specified it. Subdirectories are allowed
--wp-plugins-dir Same thing than --wp-content-dir but for the plugins directory. If not supplied, WPScan will use wp-content-dir/plugins. Subdirectories are allowed
--proxy <[protocol://]host:port> Supply a proxy (will override the one from conf/browser.conf.json).
HTTP, SOCKS4 SOCKS4A and SOCKS5 are supported. If no protocol is given (format host:port), HTTP will be used
--proxy-auth Supply the proxy login credentials.
--basic-auth Set the HTTP Basic authentication.
--wordlist | -w Supply a wordlist for the password brute forcer.
--threads | -t The number of threads to use when multi-threading requests.
--username | -U Only brute force the supplied username.
--usernames Only brute force the usernames from the file.
--cache-ttl Typhoeus cache TTL.
--request-timeout Request Timeout.
--connect-timeout Connect Timeout.
--max-threads Maximum Threads.
--help | -h This help screen.
--verbose | -v Verbose output.
--batch Never ask for user input, use the default behavior.
--no-color Do not use colors in the output.
--log Save STDOUT to log.txt

WPSCAN EXAMPLES
===============================================
Do 'non-intrusive' checks...

ruby wpscan.rb --url www.example.com

Do wordlist password brute force on enumerated users using 50 threads...

ruby wpscan.rb --url www.example.com --wordlist darkc0de.lst --threads 50

Do wordlist password brute force on the 'admin' username only...

ruby wpscan.rb --url www.example.com --wordlist darkc0de.lst --username admin

Enumerate installed plugins...

ruby wpscan.rb --url www.example.com --enumerate p

Run all enumeration tools...

ruby wpscan.rb --url www.example.com --enumerate

Use custom content directory...

ruby wpscan.rb -u www.example.com --wp-content-dir custom-content

Update WPScan's databases...

ruby wpscan.rb --update

Debug output...

ruby wpscan.rb --url www.example.com --debug-output 2>debug.log
===============================================

PROJECT HOME : http://www.wpscan.org
VULNERABILITY DATABASE : https://wpvulndb.com
GIT REPOSITORY : https://github.com/wpscanteam/wpscan
ISSUES : https://github.com/wpscanteam/wpscan/issues
DEVELOPER DOCUMENTATION : http://rdoc.info/github/wpscanteam/wpscan/frames
SPECIAL THANKS : RandomStorm

Concept of Security

Security is the degree of resistance to, or protection from, harm. It applies to any vulnerable and valuable asset, such as a person, dwelling, community, nation, or organization.

As noted by the Institute for Security and Open Methodologies (ISECOM) in the OSSTMM 3, security provides "a form of protection where a separation is created between the assets and the threat." These separations are generically called "controls," and sometimes include changes to the asset or the threat.

Security

Perceived security compared to real security

Perception of security may be poorly mapped to measureable objective security. For example, the fear of earthquakes has been reported to be more common than the fear of slipping on the bathroom floor although the latter kills many more people than the former. Similarly, the perceived effectiveness of security measures is sometimes different from the actual security provided by those measures. The presence of security protections may even be taken for security itself. For example, two computer security programs could be interfering with each other and even cancelling each other's effect, while the owner believes s/he is getting double the protection.

Security theater is a critical term for deployment of measures primarily aimed at raising subjective security without a genuine or commensurate concern for the effects of that measure on objective security. For example, some consider the screening of airline passengers based on static databases to have been Security Theater and Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System to have created a decrease in objective security.

Perception of security can increase objective security when it affects or deters malicious behavior, as with visual signs of security protections, such as video surveillance, alarm systems in a home, or an anti-theft system in a car such as a vehicle tracking system or warning sign. Since some intruders will decide not to attempt to break into such areas or vehicles, there can actually be less damage to windows in addition to protection of valuable objects inside. Without such advertisement, an intruder might, for example, approach a car, break the window, and then flee in response to an alarm being triggered. Either way, perhaps the car itself and the objects inside aren't stolen, but with perceived security even the windows of the car have a lower chance of being damaged.

Categorizing security

There is an immense literature on the analysis and categorization of security. Part of the reason for this is that, in most security systems, the "weakest link in the chain" is the most important. The situation is asymmetric since the 'defender' must cover all points of attack while the attacker need only identify a single weak point upon which to concentrate.

Security concepts

Certain concepts recur throughout different fields of security:

Assurance - assurance is the level of guarantee that a security system will behave as expected
Countermeasure - a countermeasure is a way to stop a threat from triggering a risk event
Defense in depth - never rely on one single security measure alone
Risk - a risk is a possible event which could cause a loss
Threat - a threat is a method of triggering a risk event that is dangerous
Vulnerability - a weakness in a target that can potentially be exploited by a security threat
Exploit - a vulnerability that has been triggered by a threat - a risk of 1.0 (100%)

Home security

Home security is something applicable to all of us and involves the hardware in place on a property, and personal security practices. The hardware would be the doors, locks, alarm systems, lighting that is installed on your property. Personal security practices would be ensuring doors are locked, alarms activated, windows closed and many other routine tasks which act to prevent a burglary.

Computer security

Computer security, also known as cybersecurity or IT security, is security applied to computing devices such as computers and smartphones, as well as computer networks such as private and public networks, including the whole Internet. The field includes all five components: hardware, software, data, people, and procedures by which digital equipment, information and services are protected from unintended or unauthorized access, change or destruction, and is of growing importance due to the increasing reliance of computer systems in most societies. It includes physical security to prevent theft of equipment and information security to protect the data on that equipment. Those terms generally do not refer to physical security, but a common belief among computer security experts is that a physical security breach is one of the worst kinds of security breaches as it generally allows full access to both data and equipment.

Security management in organizations

In the corporate world, various aspects of security are historically addressed separately - notably by distinct and often noncommunicating departments for IT security, physical security, and fraud prevention. Today there is a greater recognition of the interconnected nature of security requirements, an approach variously known as holistic security, "all hazards" management, and other terms.

Inciting factors in the convergence of security disciplines include the development of digital video surveillance technologies (see Professional video over IP) and the digitization and networking of physical control systems (see SCADA). Greater interdisciplinary cooperation is further evidenced by the February 2005 creation of the Alliance for Enterprise Security Risk Management, a joint venture including leading associations in security (ASIS), information security (ISSA, the Information Systems Security Association), and IT audit (ISACA, the Information Systems Audit and Control Association).

In 2007 the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) released ISO 28000 - Security Management Systems for the supply chain. Although the title supply chain is included, this Standard specifies the requirements for a security management system, including those aspects critical to security assurance for any organisation or enterprise wishing to manage the security of the organisation and its activities. ISO 28000 is the foremost risk based security system and is suitable for managing both public and private regulatory security, customs and industry based security schemes and requirements.

© Wikipedia

Kali Linux (Metasploit) - Creating a Backdoor Undetectable by Antivirus + Keylogger

Introduction to Metasploit for Penetration Testing and Hacking

Nmap

Nmap ("Network Mapper") is a free and open source (license) utility for network discovery and security auditing. Many systems and network administrators also find it useful for tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime. Nmap uses raw IP packets in novel ways to determine what hosts are available on the network, what services (application name and version) those hosts are offering, what operating systems (and OS versions) they are running, what type of packet filters/firewalls are in use, and dozens of other characteristics. It was designed to rapidly scan large networks, but works fine against single hosts. Nmap runs on all major computer operating systems, and official binary packages are available for Linux, Windows, and Mac OS X. In addition to the classic command-line Nmap executable, the Nmap suite includes an advanced GUI and results viewer (Zenmap), a flexible data transfer, redirection, and debugging tool (Ncat), a utility for comparing scan results (Ndiff), and a packet generation and response analysis tool (Nping).

Nmap

Nmap was named “Security Product of the Year” by Linux Journal, Info World, LinuxQuestions.Org, and Codetalker Digest. It was even featured in twelve movies, including The Matrix Reloaded, Die Hard 4, Girl With the Dragon Tattoo, and The Bourne Ultimatum.

Nmap is ...

Flexible: Supports dozens of advanced techniques for mapping out networks filled with IP filters, firewalls, routers, and other obstacles. This includes many port scanning mechanisms (both TCP & UDP), OS detection, version detection, ping sweeps, and more. See the documentation page.

Powerful:

Nmap has been used to scan huge networks of literally hundreds of thousands of machines.

Portable:

Most operating systems are supported, including Linux, Microsoft Windows, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, IRIX, Mac OS X, HP-UX, NetBSD, Sun OS, Amiga, and more.

Easy:

While Nmap offers a rich set of advanced features for power users, you can start out as simply as "nmap -v -A targethost". Both traditional command line and graphical (GUI) versions are available to suit your preference. Binaries are available for those who do not wish to compile Nmap from source.

Free:

The primary goals of the Nmap Project is to help make the Internet a little more secure and to provide administrators/auditors/hackers with an advanced tool for exploring their networks. Nmap is available for free download, and also comes with full source code that you may modify and redistribute under the terms of the license.

Well Documented:

Significant effort has been put into comprehensive and up-to-date man pages, whitepapers, tutorials, and even a whole book! Find them in multiple languages here.

Supported:

While Nmap comes with no warranty, it is well supported by a vibrant community of developers and users. Most of this interaction occurs on the Nmap mailing lists. Most bug reports and questions should be sent to the nmap-dev list, but only after you read the guidelines. We recommend that all users subscribe to the low-traffic nmap-hackers announcement list. You can also find Nmap on Facebook and Twitter. For real-time chat, join the #nmap channel on Freenode or EFNet.

Acclaimed:

Nmap has won numerous awards, including "Information Security Product of the Year" by Linux Journal, Info World and Codetalker Digest. It has been featured in hundreds of magazine articles, several movies, dozens of books, and one comic book series. Visit the press page for further details.

Popular:

Thousands of people download Nmap every day, and it is included with many operating systems (Redhat Linux, Debian Linux, Gentoo, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, etc). It is among the top ten (out of 30,000) programs at the Freshmeat.Net repository. This is important because it lends Nmap its vibrant development and user support communities.

The Social-Engineer Toolkit (SET)

The Social-Engineer Toolkit (SET) was created and written by the founder of TrustedSec. It is an open-source Python-driven tool aimed at penetration testing around Social-Engineering. SET has been presented at large-scale conferences including Blackhat, DerbyCon, Defcon, and ShmooCon. With over two million downloads, SET is the standard for social-engineering penetration tests and supported heavily within the security community.

Social-Engineer Toolkit

The Social-Engineer Toolkit has over 2 million downloads and is aimed at leveraging advanced technological attacks in a social-engineering type environment. TrustedSec believes that social-engineering is one of the hardest attacks to protect against and now one of the most prevalent. The toolkit has been featured in a number of books including the number one best seller in security books for 12 months since its release, “Metasploit: The Penetrations Tester’s Guide” written by TrustedSec’s founder as well as Devon Kearns, Jim O’Gorman, and Mati Aharoni.

To download SET, type the following command :

git clone https://github.com/trustedsec/social-engineer-toolkit/ set/

Metasploit


Metasploit

The Metasploit Framework is released under a BSD-style license. See COPYING for more details. The latest version of this software is available from: https://metasploit.com Bug tracking and development information can be found at: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework New bugs and feature requests should be directed to: http://r-7.co/MSF-BUGv1 API documentation for writing modules can be found at: https://rapid7.github.io/metasploit-framework/api Questions and suggestions can be sent to: https://lists.sourceforge.net/lists/listinfo/metasploit-hackers

Installing

Generally, you should use the free installer, which contains all of the dependencies and will get you up and running with a few clicks. See the Dev Environment Setup if you'd like to deal with dependencies on your own.

Using Metasploit

Metasploit can do all sorts of things. The first thing you'll want to do is start msfconsole, but after that, you'll probably be best served by reading Metasploit Unleashed, the great community resources, or the wiki.

Contributing

See the Dev Environment Setup guide on GitHub, which will walk you through the whole process from installing all the dependencies, to cloning the repository, and finally to submitting a pull request. For slightly more information, see Contributing.

Security

One blog regarding security...
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